The Grand Cul-de-sac Marin

 

 

Located in the north between Grande Terre and Basse Terre, the Natural Reserve of Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin includes some coastal territories among the best preserved and most representative of the Lesser Antilles (mangroves, swamp forests, seagrass beds, coral coral ...). An area of 15,000 ha is bounded in its marine longest coral reef (25 km long) and its land by the widest mangrove belt of the Lesser Antilles.

The nature reserve of Grand Cul de Sac marine, founded in 1987, is managed since 1990 by the National Park of Guadeloupe. It came in 1994 in the Man and Biosphere program of Unesco. Together, they form the heart of the second biosphere reserve of the Lesser Antilles archipelago, designated by Unesco. Both land (1622 ha) and marine (2085 ha), the protected territory of the Grand Cul de Sac this major marine coastal terrestrial ecosystems.

We meet 87 species of algae, 5 species of seagrasses, 38 species of sponges, 50 species of coral, 29 species of gorgonians, 157 species of molluscs, 59 species of crustaceans, 255 species of fish, 78 species of birds, 5 species of worms, 14 species of echinoderms, 5 species of reptiles, 136 species of plants and five species of mammals.